Determining if you or your child can benefit from speech-language therapy

Your child’s or your overall speech and language skills will be assessed using a combination of parent/client interview, play-based informal assessment and formal standardized testing. The duration of an assessment (interview, informal and formal testing) varies according to age, history of previous assessments, the severity of the speech/language deficit, as well as the collaboration and attention of the person. A screening lasts approximately one hour to determine the need for formal testing.

Our Process


Parent/Client Interview

During the initial parent or client interview, client/parent, physician, and teacher concerns will be discussed. Additionally, we will examine medical history, developmental milestones, language acquisition (bilingual clients), educational history and family history.


Informal Assessment

During the informal assessment portion, we use a variety of toys, books or videos to elicit a spontaneous speech and language sample. Then we transcribe and analyze the spontaneous sample to determine if there are any speech and/or language anomalies. For instance, we analyze a child’s language sample to determine if their language consists of all the age-appropriate morphemes. We also take a narrative language sample to informally analyze higher level language skills (e.g. sequencing, reasoning, perspective taking) according to age.


Formal Assessment

A formal assessment can be conducted for speech, language, voice, fluency and swallowing. The most common types of assessments are for speech and language. Here is a brief description of what we examine during a speech or language assessment:

  • Which sounds are produced inadequately and how they are produced
  • Where speech errors occur in words
  • How you or your child’s speech compares to children with typically developing speech skills
  • Concepts, vocabulary, and grammar you or your child understands
  • Ability to appropriately express knowledge of concepts, vocabulary, and grammar in a variety of situations
  • How you or your child’s receptive and expressive language compares to same-age peers with typically developing language
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